Aviation Acronyms and Mnemonics

Day VFR required equipment:

  • GOOSE A CAT
  • or A FAST MOOSE
  • or TOMATO FLAMES
  • or ATOMS x 2
Gas gauge Airspeed indicator
Oil temperature Fuel guages
Oil pressure Altimeter
Seat belts Seat belt/shoulder harness
ELT Tachometer
Altimeter Magnetic compass
Compass Oil pressure guage
Airspeed indicator Oil temp.guage
Tachometer Safety gear
ELT
Tachometer Altimeter
Oil pressure Tachometer
Manifold pressure Oil pressure
Altimeter Magnetic compass
Temperature sensor (liquid-cooled) Seat belts
Oil temperature (air cooled) Airspeed indicator
Fuel gauge Temperature sensor (liquid-cooled)
Landing gear position Oil temperature (air cooled)
Airspeed indicator Manifold pressure
Magnetic compass Strobe light (if plane certified after 3/96)
ELT
Seat belts

Runup/Ground Check: CIGAR

Controls check
Instruments set
Gas (proper tank, pump on, etc)
Attitude (flaps, trim, etc.)
Runup


Night VFR: FLAPS or APES

Fuses (spares) or circuit breakers Anticollision lights
Landing light (if for hire) Position lights
Anticollision lights Electric source
Position lights Spare fuses or circuit breakers
Source of electricity

IFR required equipment: GRAB CARD or DECARAT

Generator Directional gyro
Radios Electric source
Attitude indicator Clock
Ball Attitude indicator
Clock Radios
Adjustable altimeter Adjustable altimeter
Rate of turn indicator Turn and slip coordinator
Directional gyro

Required Documents: ARROW

Airworthiness Certificate
Radio Telephone License (if international flight except Bahamas)
Registration, current
Operating limitations (POH), Markings & Placards
Weight & Balance data

Required Inspections: AV1ATE

Annual Inspection
VOR Test, 30 days
100 hour, if for hire
Altimeter/Static, 24 month
Transponder, 24 month
ELT, 12 month
ELT Battery, 1/2 battery life or 1 hour of continuous use

Preflight information required for flights away: RAW FAT

Runway lengths
Alternates
Weather
Fuel requirements
ATC delays
Takeoff/landing distance data

Engine-out emergency: PL(ease!) START or ABCDE

Pitch for best glide Airspeed
Landing site Best place to land
Seat belts Checklist
Troubleshoot Declare
Approach Execute
Radios
Turn off

Partial-panel compass turns: UNOS

Undershoot
North
Overshoot
South

Compass dip: ANDS

Accelerate
North
Decelerate
South

IFR mandatory reports: FAME Performance

Fixes: arriving or leaving
Altitude changes
Missed approach
Equipment: loss or problems
Performance: poor climb/descend, TAS change

Airport sign types: MIDDLR

Mandatory instruction
Information
Destination
Direction
Location
Runway distance remaining

Line-Up Check: BLITTS

Boost pump on
Lights as required
Instruments set
Transponder on
Takeoff time noted
Seat, belts, doors secured

Flight Clearance: CRAFTS

Clearance
Routing
Altitude
Frequency
Transponder
Special

Weather briefing: SACrED WiNd

Synopsis
Adverse conditions
Current weather
Enroute forecast
Destination terminal forecast
Winds aloft
Notams

Weather charts: CoPS WARS

Constant pressure
Prognostic
Surface analysis
Weather depiction
Area forecast (FA)
Radar summary (SD)
Severe weather outlook (AC)

Special use airspace: MCPRAWN (the Scottish shrimp!)

Military Operations
Controlled Firing
Prohibited
Restricted
Alert
Warning
National Security

Aircraft certification categories: TURN PALE

Transport
Utility
Restricted
Normal
Provisional
Acrobatic
Limited
Experimental

NTSB Notification: P-FACTION

Property damage more than $25,000
Fire, in flight
Accident
Collision, in flight
Turbine failure
Illness of crew member
Overdue aircraft
No control: control failure of any sort

 Maneuvers Checklist: CAPER

Clearing Turns
Altitude, proper for manuever
Proper power & entry to maneuver
Execute maneuver
Recover from maneuver

 Aerobatic Maneuvers Checklist: HASELL

Height – sufficient to recover
Airframe – rated for the manoeuvre, flaps and landing gear as required, trimmed
Security – hatches and harnesses secure, no loose items in cockpit, gyros caged
Engine – running normally, fuel sufficient for manoeuvre, no carb icing
Location – clear of cloud, controlled airspace, airfields, built-up areas, other aircraft
Look Out – inspection turn to make sure area is clear around and below

 (IFR) Nearing Destination: WIRETAP

Weather (AWOS, ATIS, ASOS, etc.)
Instruments set
Radios tuned
Elevation (check final approach fix altitude)
Talk to ATC
Altitudes for decision height or minimum descent altitude
Procedure for missed approach

 (IFR) Crossing a Fix / Approach: TTTTT

Turn to proper heading
Time hold or approach
Twist OBS knob to inbound course
Throttle adjustments, as required
Talk – procedure turn inbound, entering the hold, etc.

 (IFR) Required Equip, 91.205(d): GRAB CARD

Generator/Alternator
Radios, appropriate for flight
Altimeter, sensitive
Ball, Slip/Skid Indicator
Clock/Timer
Attitude Indicator
Rate of Turn Indicator
Directional Gyro

 (IFR) Required Reported Items, 91.183: HAMSACC

Holding (time and altitude)
Altitude changes
Missed approach
Safety of flight (if anything affects it)
Airspeed changes (of 5% or 10kts)
Communication or navigation capability loss
Climb rate (when unable to maintain 500fpm)

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